This photo was taken in Piazza Navona on our first night there. It was absolutely sweltering hot the first day and we spent it smoothing out our temporary living accommodations. Night finally fell upon us and we dared to venture outside without melting. We only walked a short distance to Piazza Navona and the Pantheon.

Some of you may recall that this particular summer in 2003 was exceptionally hot. Just my luck too. I much prefer cooler weather. The heat wave was likely caused by an exceptionally warm Mediterranean Sea surface temperature and Mediterranean winter rainfall, not by global warming as so many believed.[1][2][3] But the average person gets their news from mainstream news outlets. A quick Google search on the subject turns up numerous articles, most, if not, all of which claim global warming is the cause of the 2003 European heat wave and reference one paper from Geophysical Research Letters. Unfortunately, according to the press release by the American Geophysical Union, the paper referenced does not even attempt to analyze if a causation exists between the 2003 heat wave and global warming. All it does is predict future climate with the assumption that global warming is the causing factor, which is as inaccurate as any other form of climate modeling.[4] While the study has its legitimate uses, the mainstream media completely misrepresented the intention of the study.

Well, I just thought I would start off this gallery with a light note. My inbox now awaits copious amounts of hate mail and personal attacks.

[1] L. Feudale, J. Shukla (February 8, 2007) Role of Mediterranean SST in enhancing the European heat wave of summer 2003 Geophysical Research Letters vol. 34 (abstract)
[2] R. Vautard, P. Yiou, F. D'Andrea, et al. (April 13, 2007) Summertime European heat and drought waves induced by wintertime Mediterranean rainfall deficit Geophysical Research Letters vol. 34 (abstract)
[3] P. Pegion, S. Schubert, R. Koster The European Heat Wave of 2003: A Modeling Study Using the NSIPP-1 AGCM(format: PPT) NASA, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center
[4] IPCC, 2001 ( In climate research and modelling (sic), we should recognize that we are dealing with a coupled non-linear chaotic system, and therefore that the long-term prediction of climate states is not possible.